The Justice Watch

Domestic Violence – The Abuse Virus in Pandemic

The COVID-19 lockdown has resulted in the surge of domestic violence cases all across the globe, according to NCW data 315 complaints of domestic violence were received online and on WhatsApp and were highest since August last year. One of the most crucial underlying factors for this rapid rise in the number of DV cases … Continue reading Domestic Violence – The Abuse Virus in Pandemic

Why the Supreme Court was wrong in denying Quota to Tribal Teachers

By Aditi Uniyal On 22nd April, 2020, the Supreme Court of India passed a judgement quashing an order that provided a 100% quota for tribal teachers in scheduled areas. Justice Arun Mishra went as far as saying that to have only tribals teach tribals is an ‘obnoxious idea’. But is it really ‘obnoxious’ to ensure … Continue reading Why the Supreme Court was wrong in denying Quota to Tribal Teachers

What is Multi-Level Marketing (MLM)? The Facts You Need to Know about the MLM Legality in India

Direct sales companies such as Amway or Herbalife can function through two business models: single level marketing or multi-level marketing. Multi-level marketing is a strategy which involves promoting the existing distributors to bring more distributors into the fold and the incentive for the old distributors is a percentage of their recruit's sale. The recruited distributors … Continue reading What is Multi-Level Marketing (MLM)? The Facts You Need to Know about the MLM Legality in India

The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act,1959 – Brief Notes

Employment Exchange as per section 2(d) is means a Government maintained an office or established a place for the place of furnishing and collecting information by keeping of registers or otherwise with respect to- d) persons seeking employment e) persons who seek to engage employees f) vacancies to which persons seeking employment can be appointed. … Continue reading The Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act,1959 – Brief Notes

Building and Other Construction Workers Act,1996 – Brief Notes

This Act is applicable to Building and other construction workers. This main objective of the Act is to provide adequate safety, health and welfare measures to the workers employed in a Building or other Constructions. This Act is very similar to the Factories Act, 1948. Building Worker means “a person who is employed to do … Continue reading Building and Other Construction Workers Act,1996 – Brief Notes

Shops and Establishment Act,1953 – Brief Notes

The Department of labour regulates the Shops and Establishment Act. As it is promulgated by the state it differs from state to state. This act regulates the working of commercial establishments, charitable trusts, societies, printing establishments, educational institutions that are established for making a profit, premises where banking, stock or share brokerage, insurance is carried … Continue reading Shops and Establishment Act,1953 – Brief Notes

The Trade Unions Act, 1926 – Brief Notes

The Trade Union Act,1926 primarily deals with the registration of Trade Unions. It also ensures that the rights of these unions are protected, their liabilities and funds are properly utilised. This Act is also applicable to the association of employers. These are unions are protected from criminal or civil prosecution under this Act so that … Continue reading The Trade Unions Act, 1926 – Brief Notes

The Factories Act, 1948 – Brief Notes

The main object of this act is to provide safety measures for the workers employed in a factory and also to promote their health. An establishment to be a factor must include fulfilling the following conditions- a) A manufacturing process must be carried out b) There must be a premise c) Ten or more persons … Continue reading The Factories Act, 1948 – Brief Notes

The Interstate Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Services) Act, 1979 – Brief Notes

The Interstate Migrant Workmen (regulation of employment and conditions of services) Act is an Act which is enacted in order to protect inter-state migrant workmen from exploitation in states which is not their native state. The act creates a provision to employ workers from other states in case there is a lack of skilled workers … Continue reading The Interstate Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Services) Act, 1979 – Brief Notes

The Apprentice Act, 1961 – Brief Notes

The main object of the Act is to provide practical training to the apprentice, to abide by the training standards prescribed by the Central Apprenticeship Council and to regulate the training programme of apprentices in the industry. A worker does not include an apprentice. There are different types of Apprentices under the Act, they are, … Continue reading The Apprentice Act, 1961 – Brief Notes

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