The Justice Watch

The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 – Brief Notes

This Act deals with Industrial Disputes which means the disputes between employers and employers, employers and workmen, workmen and workmen which is connected to the employment, the term of employment or conditions of labour. The main object of this Act is to investigate and settle industrial disputes along with ensuring harmony between workmen and employers, … Continue reading The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 – Brief Notes

The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) ACT 1946 – Model Standing Order Only – Brief Notes

The Model Standing Order is one which is adopted for the period commencing on the date on which this Act becomes applicable to an establishment and ends on the date on which the standing orders is certified. Sections 13(2), Section 13A and section 9 shall apply to the model standing order like it does to … Continue reading The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) ACT 1946 – Model Standing Order Only – Brief Notes

The Employees Compensation Act, 1923 – Brief Notes

The Employees Compensation Act, 1923 provides social security to the employees who have had an accident during the course of employment which either leads to their Partial or Total Disablement in hazardous working conditions. In the case of the accident resulting in the death of the employee, the compensation is payable to the dependants of … Continue reading The Employees Compensation Act, 1923 – Brief Notes

Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition & Redressal) Act, 2013 – Brief Notes

In the case of Vishaka V. State of Rajasthan, the Supreme Court held that harassment of women at the workplace was violative of Article 19 (1) (g), Article 21 and Article 14 of the constitution and the court gave guidelines which were to be treated as law until an Act was made. It is applicable … Continue reading Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition & Redressal) Act, 2013 – Brief Notes

The Industrial Establishment (N&FH) Act, 1963 – Brief Notes

The State Act for Karnataka is ‘The Karnataka Industrial Establishments (National and Festival Holidays) Act, 1963. As per the request of the Government to enforce observance with wage to the National and Festival Holidays, this Legislation was enacted. Two National holidays have to be given to the employees on the 26th of January and 15th … Continue reading The Industrial Establishment (N&FH) Act, 1963 – Brief Notes

The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 – Brief Notes

The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 extends to the whole of India. The main object of the Act to ensure that equal remuneration is given to men and women workers for the same work or work of similar nature without discrimination and also in the process of recruitment of workers for the same or a work … Continue reading The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 – Brief Notes

The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 – Brief Notes

Gratuity is the lump sum amount given to an employee as social security who has worked in an establishment for a minimum of five years, in case of retirement or superannuation.  As per the Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Act, 2010 the ceiling of gratuity was increased from Rs.3.5 Lakhs to Rs.10 lacs and according to … Continue reading The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 – Brief Notes

The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 – Brief Notes

The main object of the Act is to maintain the health of the mother and the child when the mother is not working. It provides social security. Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 was amended in 2017 and the period of maternity leave was increased from 12 weeks to 26 weeks for two surviving children. 12 weeks … Continue reading The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 – Brief Notes

The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965

The main object of this Act is to share the prosperity of the establishment with the employees in the form of providing bonus and to maintain harmony between the employer and employee. This Act most commonly deals with profit bonus, however, is silent about the statutory and customary bonus, thus, these bonuses cannot be held … Continue reading The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965

The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 – Brief Notes

Payment of wages Act, 1936 is applicable to the whole of India. The main object of this Act is to ensure timely payment of wages to the employees working in ‘Scheduled Employments’ and to make sure there are no unauthorised deductions. According to Section 5, a wage period cannot exceed one month. Wages shall be … Continue reading The Payment of Wages Act, 1936 – Brief Notes

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