These are the social economic and cultural rights forming a part of human rights. It includes rights such as:
- right to work,
- right to earn minimum wage,
- right to education,
- right to health
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenant on economic, social and cultural rights have rights incorporated under them and are applicable to all the member states. The rights mentioned in the UDHR have been made a of Part III (fundamental rights) and Part IV(DPSP) of the Indian constitution and rights mentioned under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural rights have been mentioned under Part IV(DPSP) of the constitution.
Right to Education as a Fundamental as well as a part of Right to Life and Personal Liberty was affirmed in the case of Unni Krishnan, J.P and Ors v.State of Andhra Pradesh and Ors. The provisions for education to minorities is given under Article 30 of the constitution.
Right to health under Article 21 is also a fundamental right. In the case of Parmanand Katara V. Union of India, the accident patients were only taken in for treatment after the completion of formalities. In this case, the court directed all the private as well as Government hospitals to save the life of the patients first, no process should delay the treatment of patients.